CHD 601
Drugs in American Society

Annotated Bibiliography


American Psychological Association (2001) . Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Fifth Edition. Washington: American Psychological Association

Required format for all courses in the Psychology Department at National University. The APA format is required for all papers in this course and any other courses in the Psychology Department at National University. Pay particular attention to the format for citing on-line references (p. 223). This format requires the date retrieved to to given. Updates can be found on the APA website under "links"

Amercian Psychiatric Association (2000). DSM-IV-TR Washington:Amercian Psychiatric Association

Standard text for mental health diagnosis. Good reference if you want to know more be substance-related disordersThis book defines chemical dependency and abuse. These are the standard definitions used in professional discussions of the topic.

Ammerman, R. T. (1999) Prevention and Societal Impact of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Mahwah, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

e-book. Looks at the research on successful prevention programs and finds models which do reduce the incidence of drug abuse. Data given shows a four fold increase in marijuana abuse by eighth graders in the past ten years. Social impacts are also explored.

Balon, Richard (1999) Practical Management of the Side Effects of Psychotropic Drugs New York, N.Y. Marcel Dekker, Inc

e-book available online in NetLibrary, National University's online library. Provides information on the side effects of all major drugs used in mental health. This includes anti-psychotics, anti-depressants, SSRI and other common drugs.

Banfield, Susan. (1998) Inside Recovery : How the Twelve Step Program Can Work for You New York Rosen Publishing Group

e-book. Describes the 12 step process and discusses how it works

Bean, Philip (2004) Drug Treatment: What works (2004) Routledge: London, UK

Looks at drug treatement research in the UK. The United Kingdom has an office charged with providing research on effectiveness of drug treatment. There is not much research to look at, but it appears the heroin addicts stay in treatment longer and have more successful outcomes if given controlled doses of heroin, rather than methadone. 500 people are still receiving this treatment, which was banned in the United States.

Carroll, J. (2006) Marijuana: Opposing Viewpoints Thomson/Gale: Farmington Hlls, MI

Articles with opposing views of marijuana and such things as driving, medical uses and legalization.

Colleran, Carol.; Jay, Debra (2002) Aging & Addiction Helping Older Adults Overcome Alcohol or Medication Dependence Center City, Minn. Hazelden Publishing,

E-book. This text encourages us not to overlook Older Adults with Chemical Dependency problems. Like others, thier quality of life is dimished by chemical dependency and treatment is helpful.

Cook, Franklin (2006) Alcohol, Addcition and Christian Ethics Cambridge University Press: Cambridge UK

Sin and vice have been seen to be involved in substance abuse since the Middle Ages. The author looks at the role of spirituality in recovery and finds it important to many individuals, both in and outside AA. This book relies on Christian theology with many bibical references.

Covey, Herbert (2007) The Methamphatamine Crisis Praeger: Westport, CT

Looks at the history of methamphetamine and treatment options. Discusses multimodal, collaborative, models as best for the treatment of recovering addicts. Treatment combines psychosocial interventions on the "sordid subculture" and medical interventions on the depletion of dopamine that occurs with methamphetamine abuse.

DiClemente, C. (2003) Addiction and Change New York: Guilford Press

Looks at the process of addiction from a number of different vantage points. Then explores the change process to isolate each element of the change process.

Eliason, M. (2007) Improving Substance Abuse Treatment: An Introduction to the Evidence-Based Practice Movement Sage Publications: Los Angeles

The new buzzword for treatment is Evidence-Based Practice. Funders and policy makers want treatment programs which use evidence-based practice. The hurdles in chemical dependency are more numerous than other treatment types. 12 step groups do not, and will not, use evidence-based treatment as they are not a professional model. Paid treatment counselors use a wide array of treatments. Many are ex-addicts, and resist using reserach to inform treatment practice, relying more on thier experience. This author believes evidence-based practice will need more encouragement to emerge in this area such as higher reimbursement for evidence-based approaches or funding only those programs which agree to use this approach.

ElSohly, S. (2007) Marijuana and the Cannabinoids Humana Press: Totowa, New Jersey (pdf)

Describes the chemical breakdown of marijuana. It identifies 36 psychoacitve compounds, and analyzes how these affect the human body. It also explores driving impairment and addictive potential.

Fish, Jefferson (2006) Drugs and Society: U.S. Public Policy Rowe and Littlefield: Lanham, Maryland

Critique of U.S. Drug control policy. The origins of the drug war are traced to christian missionaries who wanted to convert Asian, primarily Chinese people, to christianity and opposed thier use of Opium as Godless. It says that the Drug War is largely a distration as our most destructive drugs are alcohol and tobacco, drugs not impacted by the Drug War. The author advocates legalization, citing the example of the Netherlends. In the Netherlands, marijuana is legal but only available to adults in limited and controlled settings. Marijuana abuse is lower in the Netherlands than the U.S.

Kiesbye, E. (2008) Should the Drinking Age be Lowered? Greenhaven Press: Farmington Hills, MI

A collection of esays which explore the pros and cons of lowereing the drinking age. The debate about lowering the drinking age was sparked by an article by John McCardell, retired president of Middlebury College in Vermont. He advocates a lowering of the drinking age to 18. He presents evidence such as the ability of those who are 18 to be married or join the military. He says virtually all countries in the world have 18 as the drinking age, and the privilege to drink should only be granted after the teen completes an educational class so they can better make mature choices.

Krantzler, Henry (2005) Clinical Manual of Addiction Pharacology American Psychiatric Publishing: Washington, D.C.

Describes the specific pharacological action of virtually every drug known to have been abused in the United States. This text is very medically oriented and detailed.

Lee, Peter (2006) Opium Culture: the Art and Ritual of Chineses Tradition Park Street Press: Rochester, Vermont

Looks at the history of Opium smoking in China. The author talks about the specifics of opium addiction and says "detachment is the hallmark of the Opium smoker" (p. 71). The text contains a detailed discussion of various treatments for opium addcition. The bookls focus in primarily on Asian culture.

Lindesmith, A. (2008) Addiction & Opiates Aldine Transaction: New Brunswick, New Jersey

Compares addiction processes among humans with animals. Animals, such as laboratory rats, can be made addicts with exposure to opiates. Addiction among humans, although more complex, conatins an element of this psysiological element. This is a rewrite of the author's 1947 text. It is interesting to see how little has changed.

Longabaugh, R., Wirtz, P.W., Zweben, A, & Stout, R.L. (1998). Network support for drinking, Alcoholics Anonymous and long-term matching effects. Addiction, 93, 9, 1313-1333.

One of the few studies to look at the treatment effectiveness of Alcoholics Anonymous versus other treatment approaches.

Morrison, James R. (1995). DSM-IV Made Easy: The Clinician's Guide to Diagnosis. New York:Guilford

Useful guide for understanding how to using the DSM-IV for diagnosis. Contains many case examples and describes how the diagnosis was formulated

Nelson, Elizabeth Ann. Coping With Drugs and Sports New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

E-book. Has a good chapter discussing the dangers of the use of steroids. Includes coping strategies.

Olive, M. (2008) Drugs: The Straight Facts Chelsea House: New York, New York

Crack has been a mystery to many in America. Cost is important as Crack is simply a lot less expensive than cocaine. Cocaine powder can cost several hundred a day, crack about $20. Hence, it has been used primarliy by people of color and the disadvantaged. This was a "epidemic" in the '80s and '90s, although there is some controversy about this.

Packard, Helen C. (1998) Prozac: The Controversial Cure New York Rosen Publishing Group

E-book. In depth disucssion of Prozac. The text claims there have been over 20,000 compliants about this drug. Describes side-effects like increased violence due to Prozac use. Good reading for those who want to know more about this drug

Parker, J. & Guest, D. (1999). The clinician’s guide to 12-step programs: How, when, and why to refer a client. Westport, Connecticut: Auburn House.

E-book. Jan Parker, PhD, teaches here at National University. For full disclosure, she is my immediate supervisor. This book comes from her practice with chemically dependent people in therapy. It defines when a 12 Step group is the answer and when psychotherapy is indicated. It helps those who provide treatment services better integrate with 12 stap groups.

Ropaka, R. (2008) Drug Addiction: From Basic Research to Therapy Springer Press: New York, NY

A large collection of articles which focus on the chemistry of durg and alcohol abuse.

Robinson, Matthew and Scherlin, Renee (2007) Lies, Damed Lies and Drug War Statistics SUNY Press: Albany, NY

Looks at the functioniung of ONDAP (Office of National Drug Control Policy). This critrical analysis exposes flaws in data collection and analysis. It shows cherry-picking to give the appearence that drug use in declining byh showing only those drugs for which there has ben a decline. ONDAP shows as much as 50% seizure rates, yet the street price may remain constant, showing possibly inflated seisure rates. It shows that over 70% of the 24 billion per year on the War on Drugs is spent on interdiction, not treatment.

Salzman, Carl (2001) Psychiaric Medications for Older Adults New York: Guilford

Guide to medications commonly used with older adults. Diagnosis of depression, dementia, depression and the like are given and drug treatmetnt described for each condition.

Winton, Chester (2003) Children as Caregivers: Parental and parentified children A B Longmen: Boston

In depth look at the roles children adopt in when the parents are not willing or able to fulfill the parenting role. A chapter on substance-abusing families looks at the role changes in occur, including co-dependency and enabling.

Westermeyer, Joseph at al (2003) Integrated Treatment of Mood and Substance Abuse Disorders Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press

Tells us the incidence of substance abuse and mood disorders is high. About 60% of those diagnosed as depressed have a substance dependence problem. The text calls for an integrated, concurrent approach to treatment.